Medical Masks: Type 1, Type 2 & Type 2R

A medical face mask is personal protective equipment that helps prevent the spread of pathogens. There are three different types of medical masks, depending on the requirements.

Type 1 Masks are for general, everyday use.

Type 2 Masks are required for specific medical procedures, while Type 2R masks have a special back that increases the distance between the wearer’s face and the mask.

To achieve the best results, it is important to choose the right type of mask and put it on correctly.

Furthermore, it is important that medical masks are cleaned and replaced regularly to ensure optimal protection. With proper care and storage, medical masks can be used for a long time, but it is also important to know that everyday masks are not suitable for medical care.

Medical Mask Type 1

Category 1 medical devices meet specific requirements for filtering performance and respiratory exposure. A type 1 medical mask is a special type of respirator that is classified as CE Class I. It is used to protect wearers from droplets, dust, and other particles that can affect the respiratory tract or skin. The main purpose of this mask is to prevent the spread of cold and flu viruses by containing the aerosols that are released when people talk, sneeze and cough.

When can I wear a type medical mask? Type I masks are used for people who work in a medical or other health care setting where there is an increased risk of disease and infection transmission. They may also be worn in situations where there is an increased risk for transmission of cold and flu viruses.

Medical Mask 2/2R

Type 2/2R medical masks provide higher protection against diseases and infections than other types of respirators and are therefore suitable for people who are at higher risk of transmitting them. These masks are made of high quality material and provide higher filtration performance than other masks. They are also designed to fit tighter to the wearer’s head for a better seal. Type 2/2R medical masks protect the wearer from aerosols generated by talking, coughing or sneezing. Unlike FFP2 masks or everyday masks, they offer higher filtration performance and greater protection from aerosols. Type 2/2R medical masks can be used multiple times, reducing costs for the wearer. However, they are more expensive than FFP2 masks or everyday masks. Individuals who wish to wear medical face masks should carefully compare the differences between the various types of masks to ensure they are wearing the correct mask to protect themselves and others from illness and infection. Type 2/2R medical masks are an important addition for individuals at increased risk for disease and infection transmission.

Further information

Type 2/2R medical masks provide a high level of protection and are therefore suitable for people at increased risk of transmitting diseases and infections. They are the most common masks and are used for medical procedures. They are also known as FFP protective masks or Type IIR protective masks and provide a high level of protection against particles and aerosols. Some masks may also be recommended for use in rooms with elevated concentrations of aerosols. They are available in a variety of sizes to ensure an optimal fit.

Both Type 2/2R medical masks and FFP protective masks and Type IIR protective masks must meet specific standards to be considered safe. These standards specify minimum requirements for fit, breathability, particle filtration and fluid resistance. These safety standards ensure that masks are effective and provide a high level of protection.

These masks are an important complement to other hygiene measures such as regular hand washing and spacing. They can help prevent the spread of disease and infection while protecting the health of those who wear them. Type 2/2R medical masks are good for minimizing risks to health and preventing the spread of disease. If the mask is properly selected and handled, the risk of infection can be reduced. Persons at increased risk should therefore select the correct mask and handle it appropriately to protect themselves from possible complications.

Surgical Mask

Surgical masks provide a high level of protection and are therefore suitable for people with an increased risk of transmitting diseases and infections. There are several types of surgical masks, which differ in their protective effect. Mouthguard type 1 is designed for simple and low risk and protects against droplets, but not aerosols. Type 2 and Type 2R medical masks protect against droplets and aerosols and are designed for use in operating rooms, hospitals and nursing homes. FFP1 masks protect against particles such as dust and pollen and are intended primarily for use in medical environments. To ensure optimal protection, all types of protective masks must be used correctly and tested to a high level of quality. Individuals at increased risk should educate themselves about the different types of protective masks and choose the right type of protective mask for the situation to ensure effective protection. With proper use of surgical masks, individuals at increased risk can receive effective protection from infection and illness and the spread of pathogens and infections can be contained.

Correct use

It is important to be aware of the proper use of protective masks to protect yourself and others from harmful airborne particles. The medical mouthguard should always fit tightly on the face and form a tight seal to prevent particles from entering. In addition, the mask should cover all nostrils and be securely fastened to the head to prevent slippage. It is also important to clean the mask regularly and replace it as needed, as recommended by the manufacturer. In some cases, medical face masks are available in different sizes to ensure a better fit.

There are also rules of conduct to follow when using medical masks. These include that the mask should not be touched by the sides with the hands and should not be placed on the neck or shoulder when not being worn. It is important that masks are not split to ensure optimal protection. Lastly, care should be taken to ensure that the mask does not get wet.

The use of medical masks is an important step in reducing the spread of particles in the air. It is important that quality standards are met to ensure complete protection.

Putting on

It is of utmost importance that protective masks are donned correctly to ensure effective protection. The instructions for donning a Type 1, Type 2 and Type 2R medical facepiece differ. When donning the Type 1 medical face mask, care must be taken to ensure that it fits easily and comfortably on the face and covers the mouth and nose. For the Type 2 medical face mask, a positive seal must be created around the mouth and nose to secure the mask. The mask should fit snugly against the cheek. When donning the Type 2R medical face mask, the nose clip must be positioned to shape the bridge of the nose and hold the mask in place. Again, the mask should fit snugly against the cheek. To ensure proper use of protective equipment, the manufacturer’s instructions should be followed. This is especially important to ensure effective protection. It is therefore important that the manufacturer’s instructions are followed to ensure the correct use of protective equipment. By using protective equipment correctly, you can be sure that you are getting the best protection possible and protecting yourself from potential hazards.

Quality Standards

High-quality standards for medical protective masks are of particular importance to ensure optimal protection from harmful particles. Several criteria must be met to ensure the quality of the masks. These include:

  • Masks must be manufactured according to the respective guidelines to be safe and effective.
  • Type 1 masks must have a filtering efficiency of at least 95%.
  • Type 2 masks must have a filtering efficiency of at least 98% and
  • FFP2 masks must have a bacterial filtration efficiency of at least 99%.

In addition, all masks must be tested regularly to ensure that they meet quality standards. Another important requirement is the availability of certificates that guarantee the quality and guideline conformity of the masks. With the certificates, consumers and manufacturers can be sure that the masks meet the applicable quality standards. Compliance with these standards can ensure that the disposable medical mask is effective in protecting against harmful particles.


Certificates and certified masks play an important role in ensuring that medical masks meet applicable quality standards. Type I FFP masks require CE Class I certification to be valid. This certificate confirms that the mask meets all safety, protection and functional requirements. Type II and Type IIR masks must also have CE Class I certification to be recognized as medical devices. This requires careful testing of the product to comply with applicable guidelines and regulations. The mask must also have a manufacturing and expiration date to ensure its shelf life. For this reason, certificates are an important part of quality management for medical masks. Due to the complex quality requirements of medical masks, manufacturers must go through rigorous certification processes before they are released to the market. This ensures that standards are met and a high-quality product is guaranteed. It is also important that manufacturers use the right materials and processes for manufacturing to ensure the durability of the masks.


Medical masks are effective at preventing potentially harmful particles from entering the respiratory system. It is important that they are properly selected, stored and fitted.

Type 1 masks provide basic protection and are suitable for many medical and everyday applications.

Type 2 and Type 2R masks provide additional protection from aerosols and are mandatory for surgical settings and certain medical facilities.

If you are looking for medical masks in various filter qualities that comply with European standards, then you have come to the right place! Here you will find our range of different disposable masks. Click here to go to our product categories.


What is the Difference Between Medical Masks Type 1, Type 2, and Type 2R?

The differences between Type 1, Type 2 and Type 2R are mainly in the degree of filter protection and resistance to splashes and particles according to the European Standard EN 14683.

What Protection Do Type 1 Medical Masks Provide?

Type 1 medical masks offer a lower level of protection against particles and splashes than Type 2 and Type 2R. They are suitable for use in situations where there is a lower risk of infection.

What Distinguishes Type 2 Medical Masks?

Type 2 medical masks offer higher protection than Type 1 and are suitable for use in environments where there is a moderate risk of infection. They offer a higher degree of filtration efficiency.

What does the Suffix “R” mean on Type 2R Medical Masks?

The suffix “R” stands for “resistant” and indicates that Type 2R medical masks are splash resistant. They provide additional protection against liquid splashes.

What Kind of Infection Protection Do Medical Masks Provide?

Medical masks provide some protection against droplet infections transmitted by coughing, sneezing or talking. They can help reduce the risk of pathogen transmission.

How Comfortable are Medical Masks to Wear?

A high level of wearing comfort is a must for medical masks. They are lightweight and breathable, so they can be worn comfortably for long periods of time.

Do Medical Masks Type 1, Type 2 and Type 2R Comply with the European Standard EN 14683?

Yes, medical masks Type 1, Type 2 and Type 2R meet the requirements of European Standard EN 14683 regarding the performance and quality of medical face masks.

Can I use Medical Masks More Than Once?

Medical masks are generally intended for single use. They should be properly disposed of after use to avoid contamination or transmission of pathogens.

Where are Type IIR Medical Masks Commonly Used?

Type IIR medical masks are commonly used in medical facilities, such as hospitals and doctors’ offices, and in environments with a higher risk of infection.

Do Medical Masks Provide Protection Against Viruses Such as COVID-19?

Medical masks can help reduce the risk of transmission of viruses like COVID-19. However, it is important to follow mask-related guidelines and recommendations from health authorities to ensure adequate protection.

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