Prostate Cancer – Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment Options

Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men. Many people are afraid of this disease, but we don’t have to be afraid!

If you know about prostate cancer, you can better understand how to deal with it and its effects. In this article, you will learn all about it: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment of Prostate Cancer.

By being more knowledgeable, you can better prevent or even cure the spread of prostate cancer. By giving our bodies the attention they need, we can prevent more serious consequences and improve our lives.

So let’s get to work – let’s do some good together!

General information about prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is an incurable shadow that hovers over many men. A diagnosis can change their life and make them a different person. It takes courage to take on the fight against prostate cancer – but it’s worth it.

With the latest treatment technology and advances in medicine, many patients have the chance to live a normal life.

But while it is possible to cope with prostate cancer, you shouldn’t wait until symptoms appear or a diagnosis is made. Prevention and early detection are key aspects of managing cancer: they can help minimize potentially life-threatening complications and maximize chances for cure and recovery.

Therapy for prostate cancer is multifaceted and can be tailored to the individual patient and tumor condition. The most common methods of therapy include surgery, radiation therapy and active surveillance. While surgery and radiation therapy aim to remove or destroy the tumors in the prostate, active surveillance focuses on closely monitoring the growth and development of the tumor. This individualized treatment decision takes into account many factors, including the patient’s age and overall health, as well as the stage and aggressiveness of the prostate cancer. It is important to weigh the risk of therapy against its potential benefits, always focusing on the patient and his or her well-being.

Prevention and early detection

Prevention and early detection of prostate cancer is critical to improve treatment outcomes. There are several tests to determine if you are at risk of developing a prostate tumor.

The most important test for this disease is the PSA test (prostate specific antigen test). This test can be used to measure the concentration of prostate specific antigen in your blood. If your PSA level changes or is high, other tests may be done, including transrectal ultrasound and/or a biopsy. These tests help diagnose prostate cancer. Regular screenings provide the opportunity to diagnose early signs of prostate cancer. In this way, possible complications can be treated in time. A visit to the doctor should be considered as soon as there are signs of possible prostate cancer or one is over 40 years old.

Checking for changes in symptoms and lab tests can help determine whether or not someone has prostate cancer and what treatment method might be most effective. With the right approach, there is a good chance of cure.

Since it is extremely important in the early detection of prostate cancer that patients should see their doctor and have regular tests, we will now take a closer look at symptoms.


According to statistics, prostate cancer was considered the most common cancer in men in Germany in 2020. Therefore, it is important to be aware of possible symptoms and receive a diagnosis early.

In many cases, a malignant tumor can be indicated by the presence of metastatic prostate cancer. Likewise, there are other symptoms that may indicate this type of cancer, such as pain and difficulty urinating or blood in the urine. It is therefore necessary to perform high-quality tests to more accurately determine the condition of the prostate.

Early detection of prostate cancer plays a very important role in treatment success rate and should never be neglected. To ensure that patients are provided with the right knowledge, experts recommend regular PSA testing starting at age 45 – the earlier a diagnosis is made, the faster help can be provided!

With timely detection, the chances of cure increase significantly. It also brings alternative treatment options into play, which can make a big difference for many sufferers. Now it’s time to find out how much importance PSA testing can have.

Importance of PSA tests

The PSA test, also known as the prostate specific antigen test, is an important tool for the early detection of prostate cancer. Through this test, doctors can detect abnormalities in the size and function of the prostate gland that could lead to further testing or treatment options.

The Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care recommends regular testing for men over the age of 45 to identify possible disease early. Timely diagnosis not only increases the chances of cure, but also reduces the patient’s financial outlay through preventive measures.

This approach also helps those affected to better assess their risk and take appropriate action immediately. It is therefore very worthwhile to have a PSA test regularly – especially from the age of 45 – in order to detect and treat any abnormalities at an early stage.

Thus, the PSA test is an indispensable pillar of prevention and contributes significantly to the long-term prevention of potentially serious consequences of prostate cancer. The suspicion of prostate cancer should therefore always be taken seriously; with the help of the PSA test, however, there is already a basis for more certainty in this regard.

Suspected prostate cancer

Like a bolt from the blue sky, the diagnosis of prostate cancer can be shocking for those affected and their families. This makes it all the more important to look into early detection of prostate cancer and learn about possible treatment options.

When prostate cancer is diagnosed, the stage of the cancer is of crucial importance for the choice of treatment. For localized prostate cancer that is low risk, active surveillance could be an alternative to surgery. This involves checking prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels at regular intervals to note any change in tumor growth. In advanced stage or high risk, radical prostatectomy, in which the entire prostate gland is removed, or radiation therapy can be performed as curative therapy. For metastatic prostate cancer, the focus is more on palliative therapy to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life. Symptoms to watch for include blood in the urine and erectile dysfunction. It is important for men to know about these signs to detect a high risk of prostate cancer early.

A common form of treatment is radical prostatectomy, in which the entire organ is removed. However, there are other options for treating prostate cancer – such as radiation or chemotherapy. Depending on the stage of the tumor, the ideal treatment plan is selected in close consultation with experts in order to achieve an optimal chance of cure.

In any case, however, a detailed plan must be drawn up in advance to ensure the best possible benefit for the patient. This includes tests, discussions and counseling sessions, as well as other therapeutic measures.

Psychological support also plays a major role in this phase – it helps sufferers to cope better with stress and anxiety and should therefore always be part of the treatment planning.

Treatment planning

The treatment plan for prostate cancer depends on several factors and should be carefully discussed with the doctor.

These options may include:

  • Therapy: standard or radiation therapy to reduce tumor growth, but this is only used for certain forms of the disease.
  • Active surveillance: if the risk of the cancer becoming serious is low, the doctor may suggest that regular tests be performed to respond to changes in the patient’s condition.
  • Prostatectomy: In some cases, removal of the prostate is recommended as a treatment option. This usually requires surgery under general anesthesia and is most effective for early stage cancer.

No matter which option you pursue, it is important to note that all procedures have different effects and must be adapted to the circumstances. Therefore, it is necessary to thoroughly discuss all aspects and confidently communicate them to your treating physician. With this knowledge, together you can find the solution that best fits your individual scenario.

Due to advancing research, there are more options available today than ever before – but ultimately it is up to you and your support group (family/friends) to make an informed decision.

From here, our journey continues towards Advanced Prostate Cancer – where new challenge awaits!

Advanced Prostate Cancer

There is an amazing statistic that more than 85% of all men with advanced prostate cancer and almost all patients with metastatic prostate cancer require life-extending therapies. These can be in the form of surgery, radiation therapy, or systemic therapies that target the use of hormone therapies or chemotherapies.

To ensure that this type of treatment is not only effective, but also provides the highest quality, thorough examination and testing must be performed before beginning.

In terms of prostate cancer treatment, there are different methods to consider, depending on the progression of the disease. For localized prostate cancer, especially in intermediate-risk patients, percutaneous radiation therapy can be an effective and gentle treatment. In this procedure, radiation is directed specifically at the malignant tumor to destroy its cells while largely sparing the surrounding healthy cells.

For older patients or those with limited life expectancy, therapy for benign prostatic hyperplasia may be an alternative. In the case of locally advanced or metastatic prostate cancer, hormonal therapy, such as surgical castration, or palliative therapy might be appropriate to relieve symptoms. It is important to discuss all treatment options with the treating physician and evaluate them in the context of the patient’s individual situation.

However, another remedy exists: natural therapies. Although the mechanisms of action of such procedures are often unknown, a combination of dietary changes and natural remedies can help alleviate symptoms and possibly open new avenues for alternative treatment options. This includes, in particular, acupuncture as well as homeopathic medicine.

Natural remedies

Naturopathic treatments can be an alternative to surgery if the prognosis for the patient is good and the risk is to be kept low. Accepted treatments include homeopathic remedies, acupuncture, ayurvedic therapies and dietetics, and other nontraditional methods.

These therapies are low risk and offer the patient the opportunity for active monitoring while avoiding side effects or complications. Naturopathic therapies mainly focus on guiding the patient towards health and well-being. They use different remedies such as herbal products, essential oils, minerals and vitamin supplements.

However, some of these medicines can potentially have negative effects; therefore, one must always consult a professional before using them. Due to the lack of research on the successful results of these types of therapies, there are still no universal recommendations for their use as a sole form of cancer treatment. Therefore, it is advisable to use them as a supplement to medical treatment. With the right support, the affected person can take advantage of potential benefits without creating new dangers .

Drug treatment

Drug treatment for prostate cancer is determined depending on the stage of the cancer and the risk it carries. If it is an intermediate-risk tumor, drug therapy may be offered in combination with surgical removal of portions of the prostate or as the sole treatment option. Medications influence the course of the disease and help prevent its progression. For this purpose, there are several drugs to choose from, which are covered by public health insurance.

Another option for patients is to take hormonally active substances that suppress hormonal stimuli and can thus inhibit the development of the tumor. Again, it is important that each case is considered and discussed individually so that the correct recommendation can be made.

Long-term consequences

These complications range from the development of metastatic tumors to a reduction in quality of life and constant monitoring. Regular follow-up and examination with oncologists is therefore essential to detect the progression of the cancer at an early stage.

Long-term consequence: metastatic tumor effects: Danger to other organs

Long-term consequence: loss of quality Effects: Impaired mobility and functioning

Long-term consequence: Regular monitoring Effects: Early detection of progression disorders

We do not only want to impart medical knowledge to you, but also encourage you to make self-determined decisions regarding your health condition, so that you can be treated with a good feeling. It is up to each patient to decide whether they want to follow a specially tailored therapy or whether they want to take other paths – the main thing is to inform yourself thoroughly in advance!


In conclusion, prostate cancer is a serious disease. It can have serious consequences and is often perceived as unpleasant.

To prevent it, men should pay attention to their lifestyle as well as diet and have regular checkups. Symptoms of prostate cancer can vary greatly, but visiting a doctor early can help detect disease symptoms in time and treat them effectively.

Different strategies may be used in different areas of prostate cancer treatment, such as active surveillance, surgery, or radiation therapy. For localized prostate cancer, radical prostatectomy, or complete removal of the prostate, could be a curative treatment. However, this surgery increases the risk of involuntary urinary leakage, which must be weighed against surgery in low-risk patients. For oncologic patients with metastatic tumors, radiation therapy may be an appropriate option. In addition, regular monitoring by the Prostate Cancer Institute for Quality and Efficiency in Health Care (IQWiG) plays an important role. One method of early detection may be ultrasound, which is performed in the space between the prostate and rectum to identify any tumors.

Although medications are often prescribed to treat prostate cancer – even with the best treatment options – fighting this type of cancer can be exhausting. That’s why it’s important to take all necessary steps to prevent prostate cancer and never give up hope!

If you are looking for PSA tests and other tumor markers then you have come to the right place! Discover our assortment – Click here to go to our product categories.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that starts in the prostate gland and can spread from there to other parts of the body.

Who is most affected by prostate cancer?

Men age 50 and older have an increased risk of developing prostate cancer. The risk increases with age.

What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer may not cause symptoms in the early stages. If symptoms do occur, they may include problems urinating, blood in the urine or ejaculate, pain in the pelvic area, or bone.

How is prostate cancer diagnosed?

Prostate cancer can be diagnosed through a combination of physical exams, blood tests, imaging, and a biopsy.

What is a prostate biopsy?

A prostate biopsy is a removal of tissue samples from the prostate gland to make a cancer diagnosis.

How is prostate cancer treated?

Treatment for prostate cancer depends on the stage and aggressiveness of the cancer. Options include surveillance, surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, or chemotherapy.

What side effects can be caused by prostate cancer treatments?

Prostate cancer treatment can cause side effects such as incontinence, impotence, fatigue, nausea, and constipation.

How can the risk for prostate cancer be reduced?

The risk for prostate cancer can be reduced by eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and avoiding smoking and drinking alcohol.

Can men still father children after prostate cancer treatment?

Men may have difficulty fathering children after prostate cancer treatment. It is important to discuss this with a doctor before treatment is given.

What are the most common causes of prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer is a common health problem that occurs mostly in men over the age of 50. The cause of prostate cancer is not entirely clear, however, there are several factors that can contribute to this disease. One of the most important risk factors is age and a family history of prostate cancer; other risks include obesity, hereditary predisposition, or certain lifestyle and dietary habits. If you have prostate cancer or are at high risk, you should visit your doctor regularly for early detection of possible symptoms and treatment.

What lifestyle changes can help prevent prostate cancer?

There are some things you can do to help prevent prostate cancer. We recommend that you exercise regularly, eat a healthy diet, quit smoking, and reduce your alcohol intake. In addition, you should have regular exams to detect early signs of prostate cancer. For men 50 and older, it is especially important to get screened every year.

Not only will this help you avoid prostate cancer, but it will also ensure that any symptoms that develop can be treated early.

What side effects can medications used to treat prostate cancer have?

Many medications used to treat prostate cancer can cause side effects. These include gastrointestinal discomfort, fatigue, and headache.

Skin rash or nausea may also occur. It is important for patients* to report any symptoms to their doctor so that he/she can take appropriate action in a timely manner.

What dietary changes can help reduce the risk of prostate cancer?

Dietary habits can be an important factor in reducing the risk of prostate cancer. A healthy and balanced diet is especially important.

It is advisable to include plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables as well as lean meats, whole grains and legumes in your daily diet. Foods rich in saturated fats should also be avoided.

In addition, it is helpful to reduce the consumption of raw or smoke-generated meats. This can help to significantly reduce the risk of prostate cancer.

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